Depression? Turn to your VIA Strengths!
April 11, 2012 by Dr. Ryan Niemiec ·
Using your top VIA strengths – your signature strengths – has been shown to be effective to increasing happiness and decreasing depression. Several scientific studies have shown this.
As a psychologist for many years helping clients with depression, I focused heavily on what was wrong. I asked my clients about the frequency-intensity-duration of their problems, the triggers to their conflicts, family issues, work struggles, and on and on. So many questions!
Like most psychologists, I spent very little time asking about what was going right with my clients. Shouldn’t the focus on what is wrong and what is strong be at least 50-50?
My clients were lucky to receive just 1 or 2 questions on what’s strong. There were many legitimate reasons for my focus on problems:
1.) It’s what clients expect (they have a problem and want to focus on it)
2.) It’s what insurance companies expect (psychologists must ask many questions about what is wrong in order to make the proper diagnosis which must be sent to insurance companies in order to get paid)
3.) Our brains are wired to focus on problems (it’s more automatic and part of our evolutionary heritage to look at what is bad or dangerous)
4.) There used to be no common language for framing or discussing what is good (I could only call someone a “nice” person or a “smart” person so many times)
Then, things changed.
The field of positive psychology emerged with a call to scientific communities to focus more on what is going well and what is strong in people. Researchers and scholars responded, in large numbers. In 2004, a common language came upon the field, catapulting from a 3-year, scientific process. The VIA Classification of character strengths and virtues had been born.
In the last decade, numerous exercises have sprouted from the field of positive psychology. This blog will discuss them from time to time. Many of these strategies are designed to boost happiness and well-being. One of the most popular exercises – now a classic in the field – is the Signature Strengths Exercise. This exercise has been shown to decrease depression and increase happiness for as long as six months!
Here’s what you do:
1.) Identify your top character strengths by taking the free VIA Survey online.
2.) Choose one of your signature strengths.
3.) Use your signature strength in a new way each day.
- High in curiosity? Find new ways to use it – one day you might go to a new restaurant, the next day you might take a new route home.
- Choose gratitude? Write about one good thing that happened to you today. The next day you might express your “thanks” to someone new.
- High in social intelligence? Try talking to one new person that you encounter in your life each day, perhaps the woman at the checkout counter, the telemarketer, or the new employee.
- The idea is that you continue to expand your use of your signature strengths. Shift your thinking about what is possible for yourself. For additional tips for using your signature strengths in new ways, go here.
While this simple exercise should not be viewed as a replacement of traditional treatment for depression (e.g., psychotherapy, medication), it should be a part of every mental health professional’s repertoire. And, it should be a practice that every person suffering with depression adds into their lifestyle.
And remember: Taking a strengths approach that focuses on developing and deploying what is best in you takes time. There will be many more steps in your journey of life, make your next step one that is in the right direction.
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